Count Dohna and His SeaGull ©
Ships - Mount Temple
Mount Temple, a Canadian owned steamship, was captured and sunk by SMS SeaGull on December 6, 1916, 620 miles west 1/2 south from Fastnet, Ireland.
Mount Temple was a steamship built by Sir W. G. Armstrong, Whitworth and Company, Newcastle-on-Tyne, England. She was launched for the Elder Dempster's Beaver Line on June 18, 1901. She was an 9,792 ton ship, length 485 feet, one funnel, four masts, twin screw and a speed of 13 knots. In 1903 she was acquired by Canadian Pacific, together with 14 other ships. She was equipped with wireless. During World War I she was armed with a 75-mm gun mounted at the stern.
The ship was named for William Francis Cowper-Temple (1811–1888), Baron Mount Temple. He was a British politician and statesman.
Her sister ship, Montezuma, was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine UC-41 on July 25, 1917. Mount Temple was the fourth vessel of the Canadian Pacific Line to be sunk in the war. By the war's end 18 ships of the line had been lost.
Captain Alfred Henry Sargent was in command, with a crew of 116, when Mount Temple departed Montreal, Canada on December 3, 1916. She sailed for Brest, France and then Liverpool, England. Her cargo consisted of 710 horses and 6,250 tons of goods including 3,000 tons of corn, 1,400 cases of eggs and 22 wooden crates of dinosaur fossils. The fossils, collected in the badlands of Alberta, Canada by Charles H. Sternberg, were en route to Sir Arthur Smith-Woodward, keeper of the British Museum's Natural History Department.
Four Mount Temple crewmembers died as a result of the capture. On December 12, her captain and surviving crew were transferred to the captured British ship Yarrowdale and arrived at Swinemuende, Germany on December 31. One US citizen in the crew, Richard Zabriskie, was released on March 2, 1917. Five more US citizens, Raymond Gilbert, Harry Gilmore, John Glennan, Harold Hinkley and John McGreal were released on March 8. The United States was neutral at the time. The others were interned as prisoners of war.
In remembrance of the 4 souls lost while serving aboard Mount Temple, on December 6, 1916.
- Seaman G. Baker, Canadian Merchant Navy.
- Seaman Karim Baqir, Indian Merchant Service. He was buried at sea by the crews of the Mount Temple and SeaGull with Captain A. H. Sargent presiding on December 7.
- Chief Steward William Gilbert (Born as William Oddy), Mercantile Marine, Age 38, Born at Bradford.
- Seaman F. Janssen, Mercantile Marine, Drowned, Age 61, Born in Sweden. He too was buried at sea on December 7.
RELATED WEB SITES:
Prisoners of War 1914-1918 The Mount Temple captain and crew listed as POWs.
Dinosaurs in the Deep© The amazing story of dinosaur fossils in the ocean depths.
Books of Remembrance Canadian Virtual War Memorial.
Commonwealth War Graves Commission Memorial to the UK soldiers and sailors lost in the Great War.
Natural History Museum It's in London and still in business.
Ellis Island The six US citizens from Mount Temple are listed in the immigration records. Requires free registration.
Das Bundesarchiv Official German war records archive site.
HISTORY OF THE CANADIAN PACIFIC LINE, by Frank C. Bowen.
MERCHANT FLEETS: CANADIAN PACIFIC, by Duncan Haws.
KRIEGSFAHRTEN DEUTSCHER HILFSKREUZER, by Hermann Albert Karl Jung.
Hermann A. K. Jung was the Gunnery Officer on the SeaGull.
FOUR AMERICAN PRISONERS ABOARD THE YARROWDALE, by Orville McKim, 1917.
Orville McKim was the veterinarian on the Georgic.
CANADIAN PACIFIC: THE STORY OF THE FAMOUS SHIPPING LINE, by George Musk.
AUF KREUZFAHRT MIT MOEWE UND GEIER, by Erich Reddingius.
Erich Reddingius was the Explosives Officer on the SeaGull.
Last Revision: March 4, 2007.
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